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Pollution from lead-acid battery production has been repeatedly banned, illegal workshops squeeze formal enterprises


Time:

2021-06-07

In recent years, the country has successively introduced a variety of policies and measures to regulate the production and recycling of lead-acid batteries, but reporters in Jiangsu, Guangdong, Ningxia and other places found that the pollution caused by lead-acid batteries in the production and recycling process has been repeatedly banned. Especially in the recycling process, on the one hand, regular recycled lead companies generally "cannot get enough food," while on the other, a large number of waste batteries flow into the "black market." Industry insiders believe that lead-acid batteries have serious

In recent years, the country has successively introduced a variety of policies and measures to regulate the production and recycling of lead-acid batteries, but reporters in Jiangsu, Guangdong, Ningxia and other places found that the pollution caused by lead-acid batteries in the production and recycling process has been repeatedly banned. Especially in the recycling process, on the one hand, regular recycled lead companies generally "cannot get enough food," while on the other, a large number of waste batteries flow into the "black market." Industry insiders believe that lead-acid batteries have serious potential for lead and acid pollution during production and recycling, and frequent pollution incidents aggravate heavy metal pollution. In order to effectively implement the extended producer responsibility system, relevant policies and regulations should be further improved, an environmental deposit return system should be introduced, and used lead-acid batteries should be classified and transported.

Lead is a heavy metal that is extremely harmful to the human body. After lead and its compounds enter the human body, it may cause harm to many systems such as nerves, hematopoiesis, digestion, kidney, cardiovascular and endocrine, and even cause lead poisoning.

An environmental public welfare organization sampled the suspected waste water discharged from the company, and commissioned the third party with testing qualifications, Bureau Veritas Testing (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. (abbreviated as “BV Testing”) for testing and analysis. The analysis report provided by Bureau Veritas shows that the pH value of the suspected waste water sampled by the environmental protection organization on the outer wall of Leoch battery is 2.23, which is strongly acidic, and the heavy metal lead content is 8150 micrograms/liter.

my country is the world's largest producer and exporter of lead-acid batteries. According to the latest data released by the National Development and Reform Commission, in 2017, my country's metal lead production was 4.72 million tons, accounting for about 44% of the world's total lead production. The chaos in the recycling of used lead-acid batteries has been around for a long time. As early as 2010, the “Comprehensive Prevention Plan for Heavy Metal Pollution in the Battery Industry (Draft for Comment)” issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology pointed out that waste lead-acid batteries in developed countries such as Europe, the United States, and Japan are organized The recovery rate has exceeded 90%, while the organized recovery rate in my country is less than 30%.

In fact, in order to regulate the recycling and treatment of used lead-acid batteries, relevant state departments have successively introduced a variety of policies and measures in recent years. However, the current disorder in the recycling industry of used lead-acid batteries still exists.

The living space of formal recycling companies is squeezed

At present, in the field of waste lead-acid battery recycling, a situation of "bad money driving out good money" has been formed. Some illegal "small workshops" compete with formal enterprises for business with improper advantages at almost zero cost.

The reporter's investigation found that the following reasons led to the formation of "bad money expelling good money" in the field of waste lead-acid battery recycling.

In recent years, the establishment of an extended producer responsibility system has become the consensus of the industry to solve the problem of lead-acid battery recycling. Some local governments, social organizations, and enterprises are actively implementing the extended responsibility system for lead-acid batteries.

With the continuous expansion of market demand, my country has become the world's largest lead-acid battery market, and the number of used lead-acid batteries produced annually exceeds 3 million tons. The number is large and growing, and the market potential of the recycling of used lead-acid batteries cannot be underestimated. In each battery, lead plates accounted for 74%, sulfuric acid accounted for 4%, and plastics accounted for 20%.

For a long time, because my country has not established a complete recycling system for used lead-acid batteries, most of the used lead-acid batteries eventually flow into illegal small workshops for simple dismantling. The lead plates are left behind, and the acid is dumped directly. The comprehensive utilization rate is extremely low. , Causing damage to the human body and the ecological environment. Among the 3.3 million tons of waste lead-acid batteries produced in my country each year, less than 30% are officially recycled, which poses a potential pollution hazard.

In recent years, the establishment of an extended producer responsibility system has become a consensus in the industry to solve the problem of lead-acid battery recycling. The core is to guide product producers to bear the responsibility for recycling and resource utilization after product disposal, and to encourage producers to implement product source control and green Production, so as to maximize the efficiency of resource utilization in the full life cycle of the product.

In December 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the Implementation Plan of the Extended Producer Responsibility System, which implemented the extended producer responsibility system for lead-acid batteries and other four types of products. "To increase the recycling rate, and to explore ways of centralized collection and cross-regional transportation by lead-acid battery manufacturers."

In July 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission held a seminar on the implementation plan of the extended responsibility system for lead-acid battery producers, discussing methods and approaches to improve the statistics, verification, evaluation, supervision and target adjustment systems, and proposed recycling goals and decomposition implementation plans.

In order to promote the standardized recycling and utilization of lead-acid batteries, some local governments, social organizations, and enterprises are currently actively implementing the extended system of lead-acid battery production responsibility through different levels.